Focusing on China’s environmental consequences of its rapid expansion, we discover a monumental concern: China’s changing demography. China’s low fertility era has taken shape as the population has dropped from 22-percent of the global populace to 19-percent over the past 30 years. When assessing these implications and this driving force, Li Bin, director of the State Population and Family Planning Commission, has remarked his revelation on a hopeful future of rapid urbanization and prosperity for the people. “China still has a vast population, which puts huge pressure on economic and social development, as well as the environment and resources.” But despite this building pressure, the official promises the central government to continue its policy of maintaining a low birth rate as he believes it would provide space for a more improved quality of life for Chinese citizens. He adds, “Moreover, a series of demographic problems have occurred, such as the decline of the working-age population, the aging problem and the imbalanced sex ratio of new-born babies.”

According to China’s latest census, there are 118 male births compared to 100 female ones here in China. China’s demographic changes will also have far-reaching implications for the world economy, which has relied on China as a global factory for the past two decades and more. Meanwhile, UN officials are warning that the alarming rise of world population is a global concern, as the populace is now believed to be just fewer than 7 billion people. Nobuko Horibe, director of the UN Population Fund’s Asia and Pacific Regional Office says, “Although the population growth rate has been declining since the 1960s, the population itself has been growing. And over the last 12 years, we gained another one billion people. So the pace of adding this one billion has been very fast.” The UN expects the world’s population will hit 7 billion people at the end of October, and plans to release a report a few days later on the challenges that come with dealing with a global population of that size. Despite the ripple effects and China’s demographic transition by the turn of the 21st century, we await good news and a bright future ahead.